During the recent years there is an increasing environmental awareness and therefore, it might be reasonable to assume that microbial surfactants have a promising role to play in the years to come. Considering the importance of biosurfactants, there is an urgent need to gain a greater understanding of the physiology, genetics and biochemistry of biosurfactant-producing strains and to improve the process technology to reduce production costs for commercial level production of biosurfactant. Therefore, an extensive cooperation among different science disciplines is needed in order to fully characterize the biochemical properties of biosurfactant and exploration of their potential applications in different industrial sectors.

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