B

Babesia infections. See Babesiosis Babesiosis characteristics, 683 treatment, 666, 683 Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), 920

Bacitracin, 783, 1083 Bacitracin zinc, 1100/, 1102 Baclofen chemistry, 213/ for spasticity, 347 Bacterial vaginosis, metronidazole for, 688

Bactericidal agents, 707, 711. See also Antibiotics Bacteriostatic agents, 707, 711. See also Antibiotics Bac/eroides infection clindamycin for, 778 metronidazole for, 688 penicillin resistance to, 734, 735 piperacillin for, 739 BACTOBAN nasal (mupirocin), 1083

BACTODERM(mupirocin), 1083 BACTRIM

(trimethoprim-sulfamethox azole), 720 BACTROBAN (mupirocin), 783 BAL (British antilewisite). See

Dimercaprol BAL (blood alcohol level), 372 Baldness. See Alopecia Balsalazide, 655 Barbiturates, 270-274. See also speci/ic agen/s absorption, fate, and excretion, 273 adverse effects, 274 as anesthetics

Barbiturates (Cont.):

chemistry and formulations, 226,

226/, 2271 dosages and clinical use, 226, 227t pharmacokinetics and metabolism, 226-228 side effects, 228-229 as antiseizure drugs, 319, 325-326 cardiovascular effects, 272-273 chemistry, 270, 271t CNS effects, 270 dependence and abuse, 391 gastrointestinal effects, 273 hepatic effects, 273 interactions, 274

with glucocorticoids, 1033 with oral contraceptives, 1011 with rifampin, 787 with salicylates, 444 with warfarin, 958 mechanisms of action, 319, 321/, 325

peripheral nervous system effects, 272

pharmacological properties,

270-273, 271t renal effects, 273 respiratory effects, 272 side effects, 274 sleep effects, 272 therapeutic uses, 274 tolerance to, 272 toxicity of/poisoning with, 274 Barrett's esophagus, 629 Bartter's syndrome, 483 Basal cell carcinoma 5-fluorouracil for, 1087 imiquimod for, 1088 Basal ganglia antipsychotics and, 301-302, 302/ in Huntington's disease, 345, 346 in Parkinson's disease, 338-340, 339/

schematics, 338-339, 339/ Basiliximab adverse effects, 919 mechanisms of action, 910t, 919 therapeutic uses, 919 Basophils, proliferation, 403 Batrachotoxin, 94 BAYER 205 (suramin), 693 BAYGAM (intravenous immune globulin), 922t BAYGON (propoxur), 127 BAYHEP B (hepatitis B immune globulin), 922t BAYRAB (rabies immune globulin), 922t

BAY-RHO-D (Rho(D) immune globulin), 922t BAYTET (tetanus immune globulin), 922t

B-cell lymphomas, fludarabine for, 880

BCNU. See Carmustine Beclomethasone for allergic rhinitis, 473 for asthma, 465-466 BECLOVENT (beclomethasone), 465 BECONASE (beclomethasone), 473 Beef tapeworm, 697 Behavior antipsychotics and, 300 benzodiazepines and, 269

corticosteroids and, 1030 ketamine and, 231 LSD and, 198

serotonin (5-HT) and, 193-194 Behçet's disease azathioprine for, 1087 cyclophosphamide for, 1087 tacrolimus for, 1088 thalidomide for, 1089 Belladonna alkaloids absorption, 122 chemistry, 124/ CNS effects, 119-120 excretion, 122

for irritable bowel syndrome, 123 respiratory effects, 121 therapeutic uses, 122-124 toxicity of/poisoning with, 125 BENADRYL (diphenhydramine), 124 Benazepril, 520, 554 Bendroflumethiazide, 490t BENEBMID (probenecid), 461 BENICAR (olmesartan medoxomil), 526

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) a adrenergic receptor antagonists for, 174 doxazosin for, 173 pathophysiology, 174, 1015-1016 symptoms, 174 terazosin for, 173 Benoxinate, 1112 BENTYL (dicyclomine), 645 BENYTL (dicyclomine hydrochloride), 125

BENZACLIN (antibiotic/benzoyl peroxide), 1083 BENZAMYCIN (antibiotic/benzoyl peroxide), 1083 Benzbromarone, 461 BENZEDREX (propylhexedrine), 166 y-Benzene hydrochloride, 1085 Benzimidazoles, 698-700. See also speci/ic agents Benznidazole, 683, 689-690 Benzocaine, 248 Benzodiazepine(s), 262-269 absorption, fate, and excretion,

266-267 adverse effects, 269, 330 in alcohol detoxification, 390 as anesthetic adjuncts, 239 for anxiety disorders, 296-297 cardiovascular effects, 266 chemistry, 263-264t CNS effects, 262

molecular targets for, 265 dependence and abuse, 269,

390-391 EEG effects, 265 in the elderly, 276-277 ethanol and, 389 GABA receptors and, 265-266 gastrointestinal effects, 266 in Huntington's disease, 346 for insomnia, 277 interactions, 267, 269 long-term treatment, 277 in mania, 317

mechanisms of action, 319, 321/, 329

overdose management, 270 pharmacokinetics, 329 pharmacological properties, 262-266

psychological effects, 269 respiratory effects, 266 for seizures, 329-330 side effects, 269, 330 sleep and, 265 therapeutic uses, 267-269,

268-269/, 330 tolerance to, 262, 391 toxicity of/poisoning with, 270 withdrawal symptoms, 269, 391,

391/

Benzodiazepine-receptor agonist(s),

269-270 Benzodiazepine-receptor antagonist(s), 270 Benzoyl peroxide, for acne vulgaris, 1083

Benzphetamine, 150/ Benztropine mesylate, 124, 344 Benzylpenicillin. See Penicillin G Bepridil adverse effects, 537 for cardiac arrhythmias, 589 cardiovascular effects, 533, 536, 589

BERODUAL (ipratropium/fenoterol), 473

BEROTEC (fenoterol), 160 Beta adrenergic receptors. See ß Adrenergic receptor(s) Beta blockers. See ß Adrenergic receptor antagonist(s) ß cells, 1037-1038

BETAGAN LIQUIFILM (levobunolol),

Was this article helpful?

0 0
101 Power Tips For Preventing and Treating Headaches

101 Power Tips For Preventing and Treating Headaches

Are you fed up with your frequent headache pain? 101 Simple Ways to Attack Your Headache BEFORE the Pain Starts Guaranteed No Pain, No Fear, Full Control Normal Life Again Headaches can stop you from doing all the things you love. Seeing friends, playing with the kids... even trying to watch your favorite television shows.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment