Exocrine Glands

Choline esters and muscarinic alkaloids stimulate secretion of glands that receive parasympa-thetic or sympathetic cholinergic innervation, including the lacrimal, salivary, digestive, tracheo-bronchial, and sweat glands. Pilocarpine in particular causes marked diaphoresis (2-3 L of sweat may be secreted) and markedly increases salivation. Muscarine and arecoline also are potent diaphoretic agents. Accompanying side effects may include hiccough, salivation, nausea, vomiting, weakness, and occasionally collapse. These alkaloids also stimulate the lacrimal, gastric, pancreatic, and intestinal glands, and the mucous cells of the respiratory tract.

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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