Febrile Convulsions

Two to four percent of children experience a convulsion associated with a febrile illness; 25—33% of these will have another febrile convulsion. Only 2—3% become epileptic in later years. Several factors are associated with an increased risk of developing epilepsy: preexisting neurological disorder or developmental delay, a family history of epilepsy, or a complicated febrile seizure (i.e., the febrile seizure lasted more than 15 minutes, was one-sided, or was followed by a second seizure in the same day). If all of these risk factors are present, the risk of developing epilepsy is ~10%. For children at high risk of developing recurrent febrile seizures and epilepsy, rectally administered diazepam at the onset of fever may prevent recurrent seizures and avoid side effects of chronic therapy. Uncertain efficacy and substantial side effects argue against the use of chronic phenobarbital therapy for prophylactic purposes in this condition.

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Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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