Hypoparathyroidism is treated primarily with vitamin D and calcium supplementation. In severe hypocalcemia, symptoms are best treated intravenously. Calcium chloride, calcium gluceptate, and calcium gluconate all can be administered intravenously; the latter two are preferred because they are less irritating. The gluceptate salt also can be administered intramuscularly when the intravenous route is unavailable.
For milder hypocalcemic symptoms, oral calcium suffices, frequently in combination with vitamin D or one of its active metabolites. A number of calcium salts are available. Calcium carbonate is prescribed most frequently, whereas calcium citrate may be absorbed most efficiently. Cost and palatability often outweigh modest differences in efficacy.
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Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...