K

Kainic acid, 213/ Kainic acid receptors, 215 Kallidin chemistry, 412/ synthesis and metabolism, 411-413, 412/ Kallikreins functions and pharmacology,

413—14 inhibitors, 414

synthesis and metabolism, 412/, 413

Kanamycin, 756, 760, 785/ Kaolin, 642

KAOPECTOLIN (kaolin/pectin), 642 Kaposi's sarcoma alitretinoin for, 1079 dactinomycin for, 887 daunorubicin for, 888 doxorubicin for, 1089 etoposide for, 890 interferon a2b for, 921 thalidomide for, 1089 vinblastine for, 882, 1089 KEFLEX (cephalexin), 742/ KEFZOL (cefazolin), 742/

KEMARDIN (procyclidine), 124 KENALOG-10 (triamcinolone acetonide), 1077 KENALOG-40 (triamcinolone hexacetonide), 1077 KEPPRA (levetiracetam), 331 Keratitis antibacterial agents for, 1100/ antifungal agents for, 1102/ antiviral agents for, 1101, 1101/ causes, 1100

therapeutic approach, 1100, 1101 viral, 1101 Keratoconjunctivitis, E. hellem, fumagillin for, 683 Keratolytics, 1093 Keratomalacia, 1114 KETALAR (ketamine), 231 Ketamine cardiovascular effects, 231-232 chemistry and formulation, 227/, 231

CNS effects, 231 dosage and clinical use, 227/, 231 ophthalmic effects, 1112 pharmacokinetics and metabolism,

227/, 228/ 231 pharmacological effects, 231/ respiratory effects, 232 side effects, 231-232 Ketanserin, 174, 195/, 199 KETEK (telithromycin), 776 Ketoacidosis, insulin therapy for,

1049-1050 Ketoconazole for adrenocortical steroid inhibition, 1036 interactions with benzodiazepines, 267 with cyclosporine, 913 with H2-antagonists, 74 with histamine H antagonists, 407 proton pump inhibitors, 74 with proton pump inhibitors, 623 with rifabutin, 794 with rifampin, 787 versus itraconazole, 801 ophthalmic uses, 1102, 1102/ Ketolides, 776-777 Ketoprofen, 434/, 436 Ketorolac adverse effects, 450 versus aspirin, 432/ chemistry, 450/ dosage, 432/ metabolism, 450 ophthalmic uses, 1107-1108 pharmacokinetics, 432/, 450 pharmacological properties, 450 for postoperative pain control, 222, 450

therapeutic uses, 450 Ketotifen hydrochloride, 1108 Kidney(s)

aminoglycosides and, 756-757 anatomy and physiology, 475-477, 476/. See also Renin-angiotensin system angiotensin II and, 516-518, 517/ antipsychotics and, 305 autonomic regulation, 91/ barbiturates and, 273 COX-2 inhibitors and, 438 eicosanoids and, 421 enflurane and, 236

halothane and, 234 isoflurane and, 235 kinins and, 414 lithium and, 316 morphine and, 358 NSAIDs and, 437/, 438 parathyroid hormone and, 1062 platelet-activating factor and, 426 prostaglandins and, 421 sevoflurane and, 237 Kidney failure acute

ACE inhibitors and, 524 loop diuretics for, 487-488 osmotic diuretics for, 482 chronic

ACE inhibitors in, 523 diuretics for, 497, 498/ osteodystrophy in, 1067 Kinin(s) agonists, 412/, 414 antagonists, 412/, 414 cardiovascular effects, 414 functions and pharmacology,

413^14 in inflammation, 413-414 in pain, 413 respiratory effects, 414 synthesis and metabolism,

411-413, 412/ thromboxanes and, 421 KLARON (sulfacetamide), 1083 Klebsiella infections cephalosporins for, 748 prophylaxis for surgical procedures, 713/ KLONOPIN (clonazepam), 268/ KONAKION (vitamin K), 965 KYTRIL (granisetron), 647

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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