Clinical uses of Epi are based on its actions on blood vessels, heart, and bronchial muscle. A major use is to provide rapid relief of hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, to drugs and other allergens. Epi is used to prolong the action of local anesthetics, presumably by vasoconstriction and a consequent reduction in absorption (see Chapter 14). It may restore cardiac rhythm in patients with cardiac arrest. Epi also is used as a topical hemostatic agent on bleeding surfaces such as in the mouth or in bleeding peptic ulcers during endoscopy of the stomach and duodenum. Systemic absorption of the drug can occur with dental application. In addition, inhalation of Epi may be useful in the treatment of postintubation and infectious croup. The therapeutic uses of Epi, in relation to other sympathomimetic drugs, are discussed later in this chapter.
Was this article helpful?
Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.