Trichomoniasis is caused by Trichomonas vaginalis, which inhabits the genitourinary tract and causes vaginitis in women and, uncommonly, urethritis in men. Trichomoniasis is sexually transmitted, with more than 200 million people infected worldwide and ~3 million women infected in the U.S. annually. The lack of symptoms in many men hinders effort to eradicate the disease.
Only trophozoite forms of T. vaginalis are found in infected secretions. Metronidazole is the drug of choice for trichomoniasis, but treatment failures owing to resistant organisms are increasing. Tinidazole has been used successfully at higher doses to treat metronidazole-resistant T. vaginalis. Nitazoxanide shows activity against T. vaginalis but is not approved for trichomoniasis.
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Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...