Urinary Tract Infections

Many urinary tract infections are caused by sulfonamide-resistant microorganisms. Trimethoprim— sulfamethoxazole, a quinolone, trimethoprim, fosfomycin, or ampicillin are the preferred agents. Sulfisoxazole may be used in areas where the prevalence of resistance is not high or when the organism is known to be sensitive. The usual dose is 2-4 g initially, followed by 1—2 g, orally four times a day for 5—10 days. Patients with acute pyelonephritis should not be treated with a sulfonamide.

Nocardiosis

Sulfonamides are of value in treating infections due to Nocardia spp. Sulfisoxazole or sulfadiazine may be given in dosages of 6—8 g daily and is continued for several months after all manifestations have resolved. The administration of a sulfonamide together with a second antibiotic has been recommended, especially for advanced cases, and ampicillin, erythromycin, and streptomycin have been suggested for this purpose. The clinical response and the results of sensitivity testing may be helpful in choosing a companion drug. Some experts consider trimethoprim—sulfamethox-azole to be the drug of choice.

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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