• The elderly population is growing with up to 50 percent suffering chronic pain.
• The physiological reserve of an individual reduces with time and at the extreme of age, this limitation may become apparent as part of normal activity.
• Assessment is essential and requires adequate time as mental processing changes.
• Psychological, social, and environmental factors must be considered as part of pain management.
• Cognitive deficit is common at the extremes of age, but most patients can self-report their pain.
• Drugs can be used with good benefit at adequate dosing. Starting with a low dose and slowly titrating to effect minimizes side effects.
• Nondrug interventions are frequently beneficial.
• Pain management in the elderly provides both challenges and rewards. The process cannot be rushed and requires patience and perseverance.
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Are Headaches Taking Your Life Hostage and Preventing You From Living to Your Fullest Potential? Are you tired of being given the run around by doctors who tell you that your headaches or migraines are psychological or that they have no cause that can be treated? Are you sick of calling in sick because you woke up with a headache so bad that you can barely think or see straight?