Massage therapy can be thought of as soft tissue manipulation using the hands.115[II] Various types exist, but most have evolved out of traditional Swedish school massage popularized decades ago. The goals of massage therapy include sedation, adhesion reduction, fluid mobilization, muscular relaxation, and vascular changes. For chronic LBP, there is only limited evidence that suggests massage is superior to sham treatment, exercise and postural training, relaxation exercise, acupuncture, or self-care education. Combining massage therapy with education and exercises may be better than using massage therapy alone. [II]
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