Spielberger State Trait Anxiety Inventory

The Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)28 is the most widely used measure of anxiety, a construct that is not used as extensively as depression is with chronic pain patients, but nevertheless a very important one with pain patients. The STAI is a 40-item inventory that assesses "trait" anxiety, a characterological, stable dimension of anxiety that is relatively consistent over time, as well as "state" anxiety, transitory feelings of anxiety usually in response to specific situations. Patients are asked to rate statements on a four-point scale regarding how they feel right now (state anxiety) and how they feel generally (trait anxiety).

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