Ackley, B., Ladwig, G., Swan, B. A., & Tucker, S. J. (2008). Evidence-based nursing care guidelines. St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier.
American Geriatrics Society. (2002). The management of persistent pain in older persons—The American Geriatrics Society panel on persistent pain in older persons. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 50(6), 205—224.
American Pain Society. (2003). Principles of analgesic use in the treatment of acute and cancer pain (5 th ed.). Glenview, IL: American Pain Society.
American Society for Pain Management Nursing. (2002). Core curriculum for pain management nursing. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders.
Berry, P. H., Covington, E., Dahl, J., Katz, J., & Miaskowski, C. (2006). Pain: Current understanding of assessment, management, and treatments. Reston, VA: National Pharmaceutical Council, Inc and The Joint Commission.
Dahl, J. B., & Kehlet, H. (2006). Postoperative pain and its management. In S. B. McMahon & M. Kolzenburg (Eds.), Wall &Melzack's textbook of pain (5th ed.). Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone.
D'Arcy, Y. M. (2006). Pain assessment and management. In P. Iyer, B. J. Levin, & M. A. Shea, Medical legal aspects of medical records. Tucson, AZ: Lawyers and Judges Publishing Company, Inc.
D'Arcy, Y. M. (2007). Pain management: Evidence-based tools and techniques for nursing professionals. Marblehead, MA: HCPro.
D'Arcy, Y. M. (2008). Be in the know about pain management; Results of the pain management survey. Nursing 2008.
D'Arcy, Y. M. (2009). Be in the know about pain management: Results of the pain management survey. Nurse Practitioner, 34, 43—47.
D'Arcy, Y. (2010). Pain assessment in core curriculum for pain management nursing (2nd ed.). Dubuque, IA: Kendall Hall Publishing.
D'Arcy, Y. (2010). How to treat pain in the elderly. Indianapolis, IN: Sigma Theta Tau.
Daut, R. L., Cleeland, C. S., & Flannery, R. (1983). Development of the Wisconsin Brief Pain Questionnaire to assess pain in cancer or other diseases. Pain, 17, 197-210.
Farrar, J. T., Young, J. P., Lamoreaux, L., Werth, J. L., & Poole, R. M. (2001). Clinical importance of changes in chronic pain intensity measured on an 11 point numerical pain rating scale. Pain, 94, 149-158.
Feldt, K. S., Ryden, M. B., & Miles, S. (1998). Treatment of pain in cognitively impaired compared with cognitively intact older patients with hip fractures. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 46, 1079-1085.
Feldt, K. S. (2000). The checklist of Non-verbal Pain Indicators (CNPI). Pain Management Nursing, 1(1), 13-21.
Herr, K., Coyne, P., Key, T., Manworren, R., McCaffery, M., Merkel, S., . . . American Society for Pain Management Nursing. (2006). Pain assessment in the nonverbal patient: Position statement with clinical practice recommendations. Pain Management Nursing, 7(2), 44-52.
Herr, K., & Garand, L. (2001). Assessment and measurement of pain in older adults. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine, 17(4), 1-22.
Herr, K., Bjoro, K., & Decker, S. (2006). Tools for assessment of pain in nonverbal older adults with dementia: A state-of-the-science review. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 31(2), 170-192.
Herr, K. A., & Mobily, P. (1993). Comparison of selected pain assessment tools for use with the elderly. Applied Nursing Research, 6(1), 39-46.
Jensen, S. (2011). Pain management in nursing health assessment: A best practice approach. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
ThieJoint Commission. (2000). Pain assessment and management: An organizational approach. Oakbrook Terrace, IL: Author.
McDonald, D. D., & Weiskopf, C. S. A. (2001). Adult patients' postoperative pain descriptions and responses to the Short Form McGill Pain Questionnaire. Clinical Nursing Research, 10(4), 442-452.
Melzack, R. (1975). The McGill Pain Questionnaire: Major properties and scoring methods. Pain, 1, 277-299.
Melzack, R. (1987). The Short Form McGill Pain Questionnaire. Pain, 30, 191-197.
Payen, J. F., Bru O., Bosson, J. L., Lagrasta, A., Novel, E., Deschaux, I., . . . Jacquot, C. (2001). Assessing pain in critically ill sedated patients by using a behavioral pain scale. Critical Care Medicine, 29(12), 2258-2263.
Weiner, D. K., Herr, K., & Rudy, T. (2002). Persistent pain in older adults: An interdisciplinary guide for treatment. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.
Wong, D., & DiVito-Thomas, P. (2006). The validity, reliability, and preference of the Wong Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale among Chinese, Japanese, and Thai children. Retrieved from http://www.mosbysdrug-consult.com/W0W/op080.html
Was this article helpful?