Physical examination

One systematic review of 17 studies found that the pooled diagnostic odds ratio (OR) for straight-leg raising (SLR) for nerve root pain was 3.74 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.2-11.4); sensitivity for nerve root pain was high (1.0-0.88), but specificity was low (0.44-0.11) [30]. All included studies were surgical case series at nonprimary care level. Most studies evaluated the diagnostic value of SLR for disk prolapse. The pooled diagnostic OR for the crossed straight-leg raising test was 4.39 (95% CI 0.74-25.9), with low sensitivity (0.44-0.23) and high specificity (0.95-0.86). The authors concluded that the studies do not enable a valid evaluation of diagnostic accuracy of the SLR test [30].

Natural Pain Management

Natural Pain Management

Do You Suffer From Chronic Pain? Do You Feel Like You Might Be Addicted to Pain Killers For Life? Are You Trapped on a Merry-Go-Round of Escalating Pain Tolerance That Might Eventually Mean That No Pain Killer Treats Your Condition Anymore? Have you been prescribed pain killers with dangerous side effects?

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