Transverse Section Of Datura Stramonium Leaf

FIGURE 8.7 Phloem between endodermis and xylem with sieve elements (cells too small to see in image) of Clematis chinensis root. (Image courtesy of Prof. Dr. Reinhard Länger, AGES PharmMed, Vienna, Austria.)

FIGURE 8.8 Primary types of vascular bundles. (a) Collateral vascular bundle of Digitalis lanata leaf (transverse section); (b) collateral bundle with fiber caps of Echinacea purpurea stem (transverse section); (c) midvein bicol-lateral bundle of Atropa belladonna leaf (transverse section); (d) amphivasal bundles of Convallaria majalis rhizome (transverse section); (e) amphiphloic (amphicribral) vascular bundle in pith of Rhodiola rosea in rhizome (transverse section); (f) amphiphloic (amphicribral) bundles in pith of Rhodiola rosea rhizome (longitudinal section). (Images courtesy of Prof. Dr. Reinhard Länger, AGES PharmMed, Vienna, Austria.)

FIGURE 8.8 Primary types of vascular bundles. (a) Collateral vascular bundle of Digitalis lanata leaf (transverse section); (b) collateral bundle with fiber caps of Echinacea purpurea stem (transverse section); (c) midvein bicol-lateral bundle of Atropa belladonna leaf (transverse section); (d) amphivasal bundles of Convallaria majalis rhizome (transverse section); (e) amphiphloic (amphicribral) vascular bundle in pith of Rhodiola rosea in rhizome (transverse section); (f) amphiphloic (amphicribral) bundles in pith of Rhodiola rosea rhizome (longitudinal section). (Images courtesy of Prof. Dr. Reinhard Länger, AGES PharmMed, Vienna, Austria.)

d

FIGURE 8.9 Secretory cells, ducts, and their volatile oils and resin contents. (a) Secretory cavity of Saussurea costus root (transverse section); (b) secretory cavity (center) of Saussurea costus root (transverse section); (c) secretory cells of Zingiber officinale root (transverse section); (d) secretory cell of Zingiber officinale stained with Sudan IV (transverse section). (Images courtesy of Prof. Dr. Reinhard Länger, AGES PharmMed, Vienna, Austria.)

FIGURE 8.9 (continued.) Secretory cells, ducts, and their volatile oils and resin contents. (e) Secretory duct of Ligusticum porteri root (transverse section); (f) secretory duct of Ligusticum porteri root (longitudinal section); (g) secretory duct of Angelica sinensis root (transverse section); (h) secretory duct of Angelica sinensis root (longitudinal section). (Images courtesy of Prof. Dr. Reinhard Länger, AGES PharmMed, Vienna, Austria.)

FIGURE 8.9 (continued.) Secretory cells, ducts, and their volatile oils and resin contents. (e) Secretory duct of Ligusticum porteri root (transverse section); (f) secretory duct of Ligusticum porteri root (longitudinal section); (g) secretory duct of Angelica sinensis root (transverse section); (h) secretory duct of Angelica sinensis root (longitudinal section). (Images courtesy of Prof. Dr. Reinhard Länger, AGES PharmMed, Vienna, Austria.)

FIGURE 8.9 (continued.) Secretory cells, ducts, and their volatile oils and resin contents. (i) Secretory cells of Ligustrum lucidum fruit (transverse section); (j) parenchyma of Piper methysticum root showing cells containing yellow oleoresin (longitudinal section); (k) secretory ducts of Echinacea purpurea root filled with orange-brown secretions occurring in a ring along the endodermis between the parenchyma and secondary phloem; orange-brown secretions also present in some vessels (transverse section). (Images courtesy of Prof. Dr. Reinhard Länger, AGES PharmMed, Vienna, Austria.)

FIGURE 8.9 (continued.) Secretory cells, ducts, and their volatile oils and resin contents. (i) Secretory cells of Ligustrum lucidum fruit (transverse section); (j) parenchyma of Piper methysticum root showing cells containing yellow oleoresin (longitudinal section); (k) secretory ducts of Echinacea purpurea root filled with orange-brown secretions occurring in a ring along the endodermis between the parenchyma and secondary phloem; orange-brown secretions also present in some vessels (transverse section). (Images courtesy of Prof. Dr. Reinhard Länger, AGES PharmMed, Vienna, Austria.)

Laticifers (longitudinal cut)

Laticifers (longitudinal cut)

FIGURE 8.10 Observation of laticifers and latex. (a) Laticifers shown in transverse section; (b) laticifers shown in longitudinal section; (c) articulated laticifers of Codonopsis pilosula root (longitudinal section); (d) articulated laticifers of Codonopsis pilosula root (longitudinal section). (Images courtesy of Prof. Dr. Reinhard Länger, AGES PharmMed, Vienna, Austria.)

FIGURE 8.10 Observation of laticifers and latex. (a) Laticifers shown in transverse section; (b) laticifers shown in longitudinal section; (c) articulated laticifers of Codonopsis pilosula root (longitudinal section); (d) articulated laticifers of Codonopsis pilosula root (longitudinal section). (Images courtesy of Prof. Dr. Reinhard Länger, AGES PharmMed, Vienna, Austria.)

FIGURE 8.10 (continued.) Observation of laticifers and latex. (e) laticifers (lat) and latex of Codonopsis pilosula root (transverse section); (f) latex (brownish area) of Codonopsis pilosula root (transverse section); (g) laticifers (shaded area) of Taraxacum officinale root (longitudinal section); (h) laticifers (dotted areas) of Taraxacum officinale root (longitudinal section). (Images courtesy of Prof. Dr. Reinhard Länger, AGES PharmMed, Vienna, Austria.)

FIGURE 8.10 (continued.) Observation of laticifers and latex. (e) laticifers (lat) and latex of Codonopsis pilosula root (transverse section); (f) latex (brownish area) of Codonopsis pilosula root (transverse section); (g) laticifers (shaded area) of Taraxacum officinale root (longitudinal section); (h) laticifers (dotted areas) of Taraxacum officinale root (longitudinal section). (Images courtesy of Prof. Dr. Reinhard Länger, AGES PharmMed, Vienna, Austria.)

Table 8.5 Primary Microscopic Diagnostic Characteristics of Plant Parts

Plant Part

Preparation

Tissue, Cells

Root

Dicotyl, primary

Transverse section

Epidermis, cortex, primary endodermis, oligarch vascular bundle, fibers, sclereids, crystals, starch

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