Enzymes Performing Amino Acid Conjugates

Unlike the mechanisms of other enzyme systems, amino acid conjugation involves multiple enzymes. Carboxylic acids are activated by conjugation to acetyl-CoA via acetyl-CoA synthetase (EC present in mitochondria. This is followed by enzymatic conjugation with amino acids such as glycine, glutamate, and taurine.


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Additional Reading

Ortiz de Montellano PR (ed) (2004) Cytochrome P450: structure, mechanism, and biochemistry, 3rd edn. Kluwer Academic/Plenum, New York Parkinson A, Ogilivie BW (2007) Biotransformation of xenobiotics. In: Klaassen CD (ed) Casarett & Doull's toxicology: the basic science of poisons, 7th edn. McGraw-Hill, New York Testa B, Krämer SD (2010) The biochemistry of drug metabolism: two volume set. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany Uetrecht JP, Trager W (2007) Drug metabolism: chemical and enzymatic aspects. Informa Healthcare, New York

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