Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an obstructive airway disorder characterized by a gradually progressive and irreversible decrease in forced expiratory volume (FEVj) (Siafakas et al., 1995). The condition usually arises due to chronic bronchitis or emphysema and the airflow obstruction may be accompanied by airway hyperreactivity. Asthma is generally differentiated from COPD, although distinguishing the two in a patient who smokes and has allergies can be difficult. This decrease...

References

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