D

Dalton's law, 259 Dead space alveolar, 257, 263 anatomical, 241, 257 physiological, 257 Deep somatic pain, 84-85 Dehydroepiandrosterone, 136 Delta receptors, 88 Dendrites, 29 Dense bodies, 157 Deoxyhemoglobin, 268-269 Depolarization, 24 Descending tracts, 65, 68, 70-71

Desmosomes, 168-169 Diaphragm, 64, 243-244 Diastole, 177, 185-186 Diastolic pressure, 197-198 Diffusion definition of, 11, 220, 258 facilitated, 14 Fick's law of, 240, 258 net, 11-12 passive, 11-12 Diffusion constant, 258 Digestive system accessory organs of, 280 anticholinergic drugs effect on, 287 enzymes of, 301 esophagus, 288 functions of, 279-280 gallbladder, 297 gastrointestinal tract, see

Gastrointestinal tract large intestine, 303-305 liver, 295-297 pancreas, 297-298 pharynx, 287-288 regulation of, 282-285 small intestine, see Small intestine stomach, see Stomach Digoxin, 190

1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3, 309 Diltiazem, 211 Disaccharides, 300 Diseases, 5

Distal tubule, 311, 323 Distensibility, 213 Diuretics cardiac output effects, 187-188 description of, 5

hypertension treated with, 210-212 urine output effects, 323-325 Divergence, 40-41 Dorsal respiratory group, 271 Dorsal root, of spinal nerves, 65 Dorsal root ganglia, 67 Drug elimination, 9 Drug-induced gastric disease, 292-293 Drug-induced hypoventilation, 257-258

Drug-related nephropathies, 340 Duodenal receptors, 290 Dynamic equilibrium, 12

Dynamic steady state, 2 Dynorphin, 83

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