Functional classification of hormones

Hormones are classified into two functional categories:

• Trophic hormones

• Nontrophic hormones

A trophic hormone acts on another endocrine gland to stimulate secretion of its hormone. For example, thyrotropin, or thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), stimulates the secretion of thyroid hormones. Adrenocorticotropin, or adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), stimulates the adrenal cortex to secrete the hormone cortisol. Both trophic hormones are produced by the pituitary gland; in fact, many trophic hormones are secreted by the pituitary. The pituitary gland is sometimes referred to as the "master gland" because its hormones regulate the activity of other endocrine glands.

A nontrophic hormone acts on nonendocrine target tissues. For example, parathormone released from the parathyroid glands acts on bone tissue to stimulate the release of calcium into the blood. Aldosterone released from the cortical region of the adrenal glands acts on the kidney to stimulate the reabsorption of sodium into the blood.

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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