Study objectives

Differentiate between the primary functions of the nervous system and the endocrine system

• Describe biochemical and functional distinctions among steroid hormones, protein/peptide hormones, and amine hormones

• Explain beneficial effects of the binding of hormones to plasma proteins

• Distinguish between a trophic and a nontrophic hormone

• Describe the three types of hormone interactions

• Explain the two primary mechanisms by which hormones carry out their effects

• Describe how the effects of hormones are amplified

• Describe how the pituitary gland is formed during embryonic development

• Describe anatomical and functional relationships between the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland

• Explain how negative feedback mechanisms limit release of hormones from the adenohypophysis

• List functions and describe mechanisms regulating release of hormones from the neurohypophysis

• List functions and describe mechanisms regulating release of hormones from the adenohypophysis

• Discuss functions and factors regulating release of the following hormones: thyroid hormones, calcitonin, parathyroid hormone, cate-cholamines, aldosterone, cortisol, adrenal androgens, insulin, and glucagon

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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