Study objectives

• Describe the mechanism by which chemical synapses function

• Compare and contrast excitatory synapses and inhibitory synapses

• Distinguish between an EPSP and an IPSP

• Describe how neurotransmitters are removed from the synaptic cleft

• Explain how temporal summation and spatial summation take place

• Distinguish between convergence and divergence

• Understand how pH and hypoxia affect synaptic transmission

• Describe the potential mechanisms by which drugs, toxins, and diseases affect synaptic transmission

• Distinguish between an agonist and an antagonist

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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