Transport of bile and pancreatic juice to small intestine

Bile is secreted by the liver, stored in the gallbladder, and used in the small intestine. It is transported toward the small intestine by the hepatic duct (from the liver) and the cystic duct (from the gallbladder), which join to form the common bile duct. Pancreatic juice is transported toward the small intestine by the pancreatic duct. The common bile duct and the pancreatic duct join to form the hepatopancreatic ampulla, which empties into the duodenum. The entrance to the duodenum is surrounded by the Sphincter of Oddi. This sphincter is closed between meals in order to prevent bile and pancreatic juice from entering the small intestine; it relaxes in response to the intestinal hormone cholecystokinin, thus allowing biliary and pancreatic secretions to flow into the duodenum.

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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