Tubular reabsorption

The process of tubular reabsorption is essential for the conservation of plasma constituents important to the body, in particular electrolytes and nutrient molecules. This process is highly selective in that waste products and substances with no physiological value are not reabsorbed, but instead excreted in the urine. Furthermore, reabsorption of many substances, such as Na+, H+, and Ca++ ions, and water is physiologically controlled. Consequently, volume, osmolarity, composition, and pH of the extracellular fluid are precisely regulated.

Throughout its length, the tubule of the nephron is composed of a single layer of epithelial cells. Furthermore, the tubule is close to the peritubular capillaries, so reabsorption involves movement of a substance along the following pathway:

Filtrate within tubular lumen

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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