Depressor Substances

Carry out the test on a cat weighing not less than 2 kg and anaesthetised with chloralose or with a barbiturate that allows the maintenance of uniform blood pressure. Protect the animal from loss of body heat and maintain it so that the rectal temperature remains within physiological limits. Introduce a cannula into the trachea. Insert a cannula filled with a heparinised 9 g/l solution of sodium chloride into the common carotid artery and connect it to a device capable of giving a continuous record of the blood pressure. Insert into the femoral vein another cannula, filled with a heparinised 9 g/l solution of sodium chloride, through which can be injected the solutions of histamine and of the substance to be examined. Determine the sensitivity of the animal to histamine by injecting intravenously at regular intervals, doses of histamine solution R corresponding to 0.1 pg and 0.15 pg of histamine base per kilogram of body mass. Repeat the lower dose at least 3 times. Administer the second and subsequent injections not less than 1 min after the blood pressure has returned to the level it was at immediately before the previous injection. The animal is used for the test only if a readily discernible decrease in blood pressure that is constant for the lower dose is obtained and if the higher dose causes greater responses. Dissolve the substance to be examined in sufficient of a 9 g/l solution of sodium chloride or other prescribed solvent, to give the prescribed concentration. Inject intravenously per kilogram of body mass 1.0 ml of histamine solution R, followed by 2 successive injections of the prescribed amount of the solution to be examined and, finally, 1.0 ml of histamine solution R. The second, third and fourth injections are given not less than 1 min after the blood pressure has returned to the level it was at immediately before the preceding injection. Repeat this series of injections twice and conclude the test by giving 1.5 ml of histamine solution R per kilogram of body mass. If the response to 1.5 ml of histamine solution R per kilogram of body mass is not greater than that to 1.0 ml the test is invalid. The substance to be examined fails the test if the mean of the series of responses to the substance is greater than the mean of the responses to 1.0 ml of histamine solution R per kilogram of body mass or if any one dose of the substance causes a greater depressor response than the concluding dose of the histamine solution. The test animal must not be used in another test for depressor substances if the second criterion applies or if the response to the high dose of histamine given after the administration of the substance to be examined is less than the mean response to the low doses of histamine previously injected.

Supplements For Diabetics

Supplements For Diabetics

All you need is a proper diet of fresh fruits and vegetables and get plenty of exercise and you'll be fine. Ever heard those words from your doctor? If that's all heshe recommends then you're missing out an important ingredient for health that he's not telling you. Fact is that you can adhere to the strictest diet, watch everything you eat and get the exercise of amarathon runner and still come down with diabetic complications. Diet, exercise and standard drug treatments simply aren't enough to help keep your diabetes under control.

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