Individual risk factors_


General incidence and outcome

Drugs are a frequent cause of both in-hospital and community-acquired acute kidney injury (AKI). Nephrotoxic drugs share the spotlight with renal hypoxia as primary etiologic factors for hospital acquired AKI [1,2,3]. With the increasing capacity of the medical community to treat the most serious life-threatening conditions, the in-hospital exposure to nephrotoxic drugs has increased as has the risk of drug-induced AKI, while the expanded drug treatments available for outpatient use is contributing to the rise in community acquired AKI.

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