Sources of leads and drugs

Chemical Constituent Foxgloves Leaf

Originally drugs and leads were derived from natural sources. These natural sources are still important sources of lead compounds and new drugs, however the majority of lead compounds are now discovered in the laboratory using a variety of sources, such as local folk remedies (ethnopharmacology), investigations into the biochemistry of the pathology of disease states and high-throughput screening of compound collections (see Chapter 5), databases and other literature sources of organic...

Classification of drugs

Drugs are classified in different ways depending on where and how the drugs are being used. The methods of interest to medicinal chemists are chemical structure and pharmacological action, which includes the site of action and target system. However, it is emphasised that other classifications, such as the nature of the illness, are used both in medicinal chemistry and other fields depending on what use is to be made of the information. In all cases, it is important to bear in mind that most...