Chromatographic pKa Measurement

Oumada et al. [148] described a new chromatographic method for determining the aqueous pKa of drug compounds that are sparingly soluble in water. The method uses a rigorous intersolvent pH scale in a mobile phase consisting of a mixture of aqueous buffer and methanol. A glass electrode, previously standardized with common aqueous buffers, was used to measure pH online. The apparent ionization constants were corrected to a zero-cosolvent pH scale. Six sparingly soluble non-steroidal antiinflammatory weak acids (diclofenac, flurbiprofen, naproxen, ibu-profen, butibufen, fenbufen) were used successfully to illustrate the new technique.

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