1. The answer is C. Unrelieved acute pain can lead to increased levels of catecholamines, which in turn can cause tachycardia, hypertension, myocardial ischemia, hypercoagulable state, abnormal breathing, and delayed gastric emptying. It can delay wound healing and suppress immunity, predisposing to infections. The end result can be delayed recovery and discharge from the hospital. Choice D is unethical.
2. The answer is A. Care plans are essential in the management of pain on the ward as it is primarily the nurse who will be providing initial assessment of pain. It involves a detailed discussion with the patient and his/her family.
4. The answer is D. Pain assessment tools should be reliable, valid and easy for the patient, nurse, and physician to use.
5. The answer is B. Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, and Consolability (FLACC) score is 3 out of a maximum of 10.
Was this article helpful?
Do You Suffer From High Blood Pressure? Do You Feel Like This Silent Killer Might Be Stalking You? Have you been diagnosed or pre-hypertension and hypertension? Then JOIN THE CROWD Nearly 1 in 3 adults in the United States suffer from High Blood Pressure and only 1 in 3 adults are actually aware that they have it.