Fibromyalgia (FMS) is an idiopathic painful syndrome of a chronic nature and of unclear etiology. It is more prevalent in females with a ratio of 9:1 females to males. About 5 million people in the United States are thought to suffer from fibromyalgia. It is estimated to be present in 2-7% of the population in most countries and is a debilitating illness with resultant loss of work days and school days, disability, and functional impairment.
Fibromyalgia is often associated with somatic complaints and comorbidities. The wide range of comorbid conditions includes anxiety, depression, sleep disorders, paresthesia, morning stiffness, and cognitive problems. Care of these patients is a challenge, since it includes the restoration of both the physical and emotional well-being.
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