The Mini-Mental examination is an initial tool for evaluating a patient's psychological status. The examination tests five areas of mental status; orientation, registration, attention and calculation, recall, and language, with a maximum score of 30 and any score less than 23 considered abnormal. While the Mini-Mental exam allows the physician to assess an individual's cognition, this test does not provide any information about the potential source of a patient's mental deficit. Furthermore, highly educated individuals are capable of performing well on this test, even with mild to moderate levels ofdementia, and poorly educated individuals may perform poorly on this test without any underlying mental deficits.
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