A neurologic examination should be performed on every new patient regardless of the region or type of pain. The neurologic exam should focus on an examination of the cranial nerves, motor strength, sensory system, and deep tendon reflexes. Except for strength, the right and left sides of the body should be identical on testing. Neurologic deficits should follow the distribution of peripheral nerves, dermatomes, or hemibody and should not end abruptly at the midline as nerves partially overlap from either side (Shea et al. 1973).
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