Nocebo Effect

In addition to beneficial side effects from the placebo, patients may also experience unwanted side effects such as headache, fatigue, or drowsiness. These harmful effects are termed nocebo effects. In 2002, Barsky et al. conducted a literature search of articles related to non-specific medication side effects, and they identified several factors associated with increased nocebo effect. These factors included patient expectation of adverse effects before beginning therapy, prior experiences of medication consumption leading to adverse symptoms, psychological co-morbidity such as depression or anxiety, and other situational factors. Patients who suffer from chronic pain are often characterized by several of these factors and are thereby at increased risk for nocebo effects (Barsky et al. 2002).

Do Not Panic

Do Not Panic

This guide Don't Panic has tips and additional information on what you should do when you are experiencing an anxiety or panic attack. With so much going on in the world today with taking care of your family, working full time, dealing with office politics and other things, you could experience a serious meltdown. All of these things could at one point cause you to stress out and snap.

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