Pain Interventions

Pain interventions can be pharmacological and non-pharmacological. A combination of both is often the best intervention. The nurse collaborates with the LIP to communicate the effectiveness of the pain management so that appropriate medications can be ordered and administered as needed or as prescribed. The nurse must check the orders and ensure that all specific elements are included especially in titrated and range orders. The nurse must closely monitor the effect of the titration, any negative and positive effects, and documents in the patient's medical record. The nurse also administers the site of intramuscular medications for redness and hematoma and the patient for respiratory depression, nausea, and vomiting and mental status changes. The nurse frequently collaborates with the physician/LIP to implement the appropriate medications for achieving the patient's pain goal.

Non-pharmacological approach may include massage, meditation, counseling, relaxation, music, distraction, heat/cold, and deep breathing (Smeltzer et al. 2008).

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