References

Chronic Pain America; road blocks to relief, survey conducted for the American Pain Society, the American Academy of Pain Medicine and Jansen Pharmaceutical, 1999.

Crook J, Tunks E, Rideout E, et al. Epidemiologic comparison of pain sufferers in a specialty pain clinic and in the community. Arch Phys Med Rehab. 1986;67:451-5.

Crook J, Weir R, Tunks E. An epidemiologic follow-up survey of persistent pain sufferers in a group family practice and specialty pain clinic. Pain 1989;36:49-61.

Dvorak J, Gauchat M, Valach L. The outcome of surgery for lumbar disk herniation. A 4-17 yrs follow-up with emphasis on somatic aspects. Spine 1988;13:1418-22.

Flor H, Fydrich T, Turk DC. Efficacy of multidisciplinary pain treatment centers; a metaana-lytic review. Pain 1992;49:221-230.

Loeser JD, Turk DC. Bonica's management of pain. 3rd ed. 2001. pp. 2067-79.

National Pain Survey, conducted for Ortho-McNeill Pharmaceutical, 1999.

Pain in America: a research report, survey conducted for Merck by the Gall up Organization, 2000.

Pain management programs: a market analysis. Tampa, FL: Market Data Enterprise; 1999.

Koch, HJ. The management of chronic pain in office-based ambulatory medical care survey. Advance data from vital and statistics no. 123, No PHS 86-1250, Hyattsville, MD; 1986.

Joranson D, Lietman R. The McNeill national pain study. New York, NY: Louis Harris Associates; 1994.

Turk DC, Okifuji A, Sherman J. Behavioral aspects of low back pain. In: Taylor J, Twomey L, editors. Physical therapy of the low back. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Churchill Livingstone; 2000. pp. 351-83.

Turk DC, Okifuji A. Treatment of chronic pain patients: clinical outcomes, cost-effectiveness and cost-benefits of multidisciplinar^ pain centers. Crit Rev Phys Made Rehab. 1998;10: 181-208.

Turk DC, Rudy T, Sorkin B. Neglected topics in chronic pain treatment outcome studies; determination of success. Pain 1993;53:3-16.

Section II

Anatomy and Physiology

Natural Pain Management

Natural Pain Management

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