American Society of Peri-Anesthesia Nurses. ASPAN pain and comfort guideline. http:// www.aspan.org/Portals/6/docs/ClinicalPractice/Guidelines/ASPAN_ClinicalGuideline_ PainComfort.pdf. Accessed 29 Oct 2009.
American Society of Peri-Anesthesia Nurses. Standards of peri-anesthesia nursing practice. Cherry Hill, NJ: The Society; 2008-2010.
Barash PG, Cullen BF, Stoelting RK, Cahalan MK, Stock, MC. Clinical anesthesia. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2009.
Doe JB. Conceptual planning: a guide to a better planet, 3rd ed. Reading, MA: Smith Jones; 1996.
Donofrio J, Labus D. Fundamentals of Nursing Made Incredibly Easy. 1st ed. PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2007.
Fishman SM, Ballantyne JC, Rathmell JP. Bonica's management of pain. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2010.
McCaffery M, Beebe A. Pain management for nursing practice. Baltimore, MD: Mosby Company; 1993.
Merkel S, et al. The FLACC: a behavioral scale for scoring postoperative pain in young children. Pediatr Nurse. 1997;23(3):293-7.
Partners Against Pain. http://www.partnersagainstpain.com. Accessed 29 Oct 2009.
Potter PA, Perry AG. Fundamentals of nursing. 7th ed. Mosby Elsevier; 2009.
Smeltzer SC, Bare BG, Janice HL, Kerry CH. Brunner and Suddarth's textbook of medical-surgical nursing. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008.
Rothrock JC. Alexander's care of the patient in surgery. 13th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby; 2007.
The Cleveland Clinic Website: Pain Management. http://my.clevelandclinic.org/services/ pain_management/hic_acute_vs_chronic_pain.aspx. Accessed 29 Oct 2009.
The Joint Commission Website. http://www.jointcommission.org/NR/rdonlyre. Accessed 29 Oct 2010.
Was this article helpful?
Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.