References

Eappen S, Robbins D. Nonpharmacological means of pain relief for labor and delivery. A review. Int Anethesiol Clin. 2002;40(4):103-14.

Howell CJ, Kidd C, Roberts W, et al. A randomized controlled trial of epidural compared with nonepidural analgesia in labour. BJ Obstet Gynecol. 2001;108:27-33.

Lowe N. Parity pain during parturition. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 1987;16:340-6.

Melzack R, Kinch RA, Dobkin P, et al. Severity of labour pain: influence of physical as well as psychological variables. Can Med Assoc J. 1984;130:579-84.

Melzack R. The McGill pain questionnaire: major properties and scoring methods. Pain 1975;1:277-279.

Wang SM, DeZinno P, Fermo L, et al. Complementary and alternative medicine for low-back pain in pregnancy: a cross-sectional survey. J Altern Complement Med. 2005;11:459-64.

Wong CA, Scovone BM, Peaceman AM, et al. The risk of cesarean delivery with neuraxial analgesia given early versus late in labor. New Engl J Med. 2005;352(7):718-20.

Section VII

Chronic Pain Management

Back Pain Revealed

Back Pain Revealed

Tired Having Back Pains All The Time, But You Choose To Ignore It? Every year millions of people see their lives and favorite activities limited by back pain. They forego activities they once loved because of it and in some cases may not even be able to perform their job as well as they once could due to back pain.

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