References

Eappen S, Robbins D. Nonpharmacological means of pain relief for labor and delivery. A review. Int Anethesiol Clin. 2002;40(4):103-14.

Howell CJ, Kidd C, Roberts W, et al. A randomized controlled trial of epidural compared with nonepidural analgesia in labour. BJ Obstet Gynecol. 2001;108:27-33.

Lowe N. Parity pain during parturition. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 1987;16:340-6.

Melzack R, Kinch RA, Dobkin P, et al. Severity of labour pain: influence of physical as well as psychological variables. Can Med Assoc J. 1984;130:579-84.

Melzack R. The McGill pain questionnaire: major properties and scoring methods. Pain 1975;1:277-279.

Wang SM, DeZinno P, Fermo L, et al. Complementary and alternative medicine for low-back pain in pregnancy: a cross-sectional survey. J Altern Complement Med. 2005;11:459-64.

Wong CA, Scovone BM, Peaceman AM, et al. The risk of cesarean delivery with neuraxial analgesia given early versus late in labor. New Engl J Med. 2005;352(7):718-20.

Section VII

Chronic Pain Management

Back Pain Relief

Back Pain Relief

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