Effective management of chronic non-malignant pain necessitates the consideration of biological, psychological, and social covariates that influence the experience, presentation, and clinical course of such chronic conditions. Evolving research in neuroscience continues to unravel the physiological substrates for interactions among these factors. Consequently, it is incumbent on the clinician, therefore, to avoid the inclination to dichotomize between physical/sensory aspects of pain and psychosocial factors. A multimodal approach, i.e., employing psychotherapeutic and psychopharmacologic treatments, is necessary to address the complex interactions among the biopsychosocial covariates accompanying pain conditions.

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

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