Pain management in trauma patients poses a significant challenge to the health-care provider, as these patients present with a wide range of injuries and comorbid conditions. These injuries exert myriad effects on multiple body systems, all of which can contribute to morbidity and mortality. In recent years, as mortality rates have declined and our understanding of the mechanisms and consequences of pain have improved, it has become increasingly apparent that the early and aggressive treatment of pain can have both short-term and long-term beneficial consequences. In view of the dynamic nature of trauma, frequent assessments of the patient's physical and psychological status and their response to treatment must be undertaken.
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