Attentional retraining interventions involve procedures that are designed to assist individuals in maintaining, focusing, redirecting, and dividing attention. Extrapolated from neuropsychological testing and interventions, attentional retraining utilizes auditory and/or visual stimuli to isolate different areas of attention. Through repeated completion of specific tasks, attentional retraining can lead to increased overall attention, reduced dis-tractibility, and increased ability to shift attention. In relation to drug effects, attentional retraining interventions are designed to redirect automatic attentional bias in order to lessen the impact of drug-related cues. By redirecting attention, these interventions decrease distract-ibility from drug cues and subsequently disrupt the activation of drug-seeking behavior.
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