► Conditioned Place Preference stimuli that elicited conditioned positive and negative reinforcement which, in turn, would generate craving. For clinical use, craving was included in the international classification of diseases (ICD-10; WHO, 2003) as an optional diagnostic criterion for alcohol and drug dependence, defining the term as "a strong desire or sense of compulsion" to take the drug. In line with this, the majority of current conceptualizations of ► substance dependence define subjective craving as a sensory phenomenon that contributes the continuation of drug use.
► Conditioned Response rCRf
► Corticotropin-Releasing Factor
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